Citing articles from databases

If you find the full text of an article in a database like JSTOR, cite it as you would an article from a print journal but include additional information about the electronic source.

MLA style for journal articles from databases

Author. "Article Title." Journal Title volume number.issue number (publication year): page numbers. Database name. Web. Date of access.

Example in MLA style:

Cohn, Jeffrey P. "Understanding Sea Otters." BioScience 48.3 (1998): 151+. JSTOR. Web. 24 February 2017.

APA style for journal articles from databases

Author. (publication year). Title of article. Journal title, volume number (issue number), page numbers when available. doi:DOI (If no DOI is available, use "Retrieved from" and the URL of the homepage of the journal (not the URL of the database))

Example in APA style:

Cohn, J. P. (1998). Understanding sea otters. BioScience, 48(3), 151+. Retrieved from http://www.aibs.org/bioscience/

Chicago's Notes & Bibliography style for journal articles from databases

Author. "Article Title." Journal Title volume number (date of publication). page numbers. doi:DOI. (If no DOI is available, use a stable URL for the article in the database)

Example:

Thomas, Trevor M. "Wales: Land of Mines and Quarries." Geographical Review 46 (1956). 59-81. http://www.jstor.org/.

Chicago's Author-Date system for journal articles from databases

Author. Year of publication. Article title. Journal Title volume number: page numbers. doi:DOI. (If no DOI is available, use the database URL.)

Example:

Warr, M., and C. G. Ellison. 2000. Rethinking social reactions to crime: Personal and altruistic fear in family households. American Journal of Sociology 106: 551-78. doi:10.1086/318964

CSE's citation-sequence or citation-name style for journal articles from databases

Author. Article title. Journal Title Abbreviation [Internet]. Publication year [cited date of access]; volume number(issue number):page numbers. Database name. City of publication (State of publication): Publisher. Available from URL Document No.: Identifying number.

Example:

Cohn J. P. Understanding sea otters. BioScience [Internet]. 1998 [cited 2012 20 June]; 48(3):151+. Academic Search Premier. Birmingham (AL): EBSCO Industries. Available from http://search.ebscohost.com Document No.: 243451.

CSE's name-year style for journal articles from databases

Author. Publication year. Article title. Journal Title Abbreviation [Internet]. [cited date of access]; volume number(issue number):page numbers. Database name. City of publication (State of publication): Publisher. Available from URL Document No.: Identifying number.

Example:

Cohn J. P. 1998. Understanding sea otters. BioScience [Internet]. [cited 2012 20 June]; 48(3):151+. Academic Search Premier. Birmingham (AL): EBSCO Industries. Available from http://search.ebscohost.com Document No.: 243451.

A note about DOIs

DOIs, or Digital Object Identifiers, are alphanumeric strings that uniquely identify digital objects on a network. Many scholarly articles have DOIs, which are usually printed on the article itself. Use of DOIs in citations is preferred over URLs because DOIs are not subject to change.

For more information

For more detailed information and examples, consult the sources listed below.

MLA Style

MLA Handbook
Skillman Ref Desk: LB2369 .G53 2016

APA Style

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
Skillman Ref Desk: BF 76.7 .P83 2010

Frequently Asked Questions about APA Style from the American Psychological Association.

Chicago Style

Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide from the Chicago Manual of Style Online.

Chicago Manual of Style
Skillman & Kirby Ref Desks: Z253 .U69

CSE Style

Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers
Skillman Ref Desk: T11 .S386 2011