Citing articles from databases

If you find the full text of an article in a database like Academic Search Premier or LexisNexis Academic, cite it as you would an article from a print journal but include additional information about the electronic source.

MLA style for journal articles from databases

Author. "Article Title." Journal Title volume number.issue number (publication year): page numbers. Database name. Web. Date of access.

Example in MLA style:

Cohn, Jeffrey P. "Understanding Sea Otters." BioScience 48.3 (1998): 151+. Academic Search Premier. Web. 24 February 2006.

APA style for journal articles from databases

Author. (publication year). Title of article. Journal title, volume number (issue number), page numbers when available. doi:DOI (If no DOI is available, use "Retrieved from" and the URL of the homepage of the journal (not the URL of the database))

Example in APA style:

Cohn, J. P. (1998). Understanding sea otters. BioScience, 48(3), 151+. Retrieved from http://www.aibs.org/bioscience/

Chicago's Notes & Bibliography style for journal articles from databases

Author. "Article Title." Journal Title volume number, no. issue number (date of publication). page numbers. doi:DOI. (If no DOI is available, use a stable URL for the article in the database)

Example:

Thomas, Trevor M. "Wales: Land of Mines and Quarries." Geographical Review 46, no. 1 (1956). 59-81. http://www.jstor.org/.

Chicago's Author-Date system for journal articles from databases

Author. Year of publication. Article title. Journal Title volume number: page numbers. doi:DOI. (If no DOI is available, use the database URL.)

Example:

Warr, M., and C. G. Ellison. 2000. Rethinking social reactions to crime: Personal and altruistic fear in family households. American Journal of Sociology 106: 551-78. doi:10.1086/318964

CSE's citation-sequence or citation-name style for journal articles from databases

Author. Article title. Journal Title Abbreviation [Internet]. Publication year [cited date of access]; volume number(issue number):page numbers. Database name. City of publication (State of publication): Publisher. Available from URL Document No.: Identifying number.

Example:

Cohn J. P. Understanding sea otters. BioScience [Internet]. 1998 [cited 2012 20 June]; 48(3):151+. Academic Search Premier. Birmingham (AL): EBSCO Industries. Available from http://search.ebscohost.com Document No.: 243451.

CSE's name-year style for journal articles from databases

Author. Publication year. Article title. Journal Title Abbreviation [Internet]. [cited date of access]; volume number(issue number):page numbers. Database name. City of publication (State of publication): Publisher. Available from URL Document No.: Identifying number.

Example:

Cohn J. P. 1998. Understanding sea otters. BioScience [Internet]. [cited 2012 20 June]; 48(3):151+. Academic Search Premier. Birmingham (AL): EBSCO Industries. Available from http://search.ebscohost.com Document No.: 243451.

A note about URLs

When citing articles from databases, it's sufficient to use the URL for the database home page, rather than the URL for the individual article, which may be exceedingly long. The home page URLs that can be used in bibliographies for the three databases most frequently cited at Lafayette are:

  • Academic Search Premier:
    http://search.ebscohost.com./login.aspx?authtype=ip,uid&profile=ehost&defaultdb=aph
  • LexisNexis Academic:
    http://www.lexisnexis.com/us/lnacademic/
  • JSTOR:
    http://www.jstor.org/

For more information

For more detailed information and examples, consult the sources listed below.

General Style Guides

Research and Documentation Online by Diana Hacker and Barbara Fister

Columbia Guide to Online Style by Janice R. Walker and Todd Taylor.
Skillman Ref PN171 .F56 W35 2006 or Online

MLA Style

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
Skillman Ref Desk: LB 2639 .G53 2009

APA Style

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
Skillman Ref Desk: BF 76.7 .P83 2010

Frequently Asked Questions about APA Style from the American Psychological Association.

Chicago Style

Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide from the Chicago Manual of Style Online.

Chicago Manual of Style
Skillman & Kirby Ref Desks: Z253 .U69

CSE Style

Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers
Skillman Ref Desk: T11 .S386 2006

Comments?

We welcome comments or questions that might help us improve these suggestions.