Major Research Tools

Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature (ABELL)

Full-Text, Index
Coverage: 1920-present

Index of books, articles, and other publications on literature in English from Anglo-Saxon times to the present. Covers more British publications than MLA International Bibliography. Includes links to some full text. From the Modern Humanities Research Association (MHRA).


Gale Literary Sources (formerly Artemis Literary Sources)

Full-Text

Database for researching authors and their works, literary movements and genres. Contains full text of literary works, journal articles, literary criticism, reviews, and biographical information. Also known as Literature Research Center


Gale Primary Sources

Full-Text

Coverage: 1604-2008

Research environment for finding primary sources. Currently searches across four platforms: 17th & 18th Burney Collection of newspapers; Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO); The Times of London Digital Archive 1785-2008; and The Times Literary Supplement Historical Archive.


Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory & Criticism

Full-Text, Reference

Guide to literary critics and theorists, critical schools and movements, and the critical and theoretical innovations of specific countries and historical periods.


Literary Research Guide

Full-Text, Gateway

"A selective, annotated guide to reference sources essential to the study of British literature, literatures of the United States, other literatures in English, and related topics."


Literature Online

Full-Text

Searchable archive of literary texts and complementary reference resources.


Merriam-Webster's Unabridged Dictionary Online

Full-Text, Reference

Searchable version of Merriam-Webster's complete and newly updated American dictionary. Includes definitions, example sentences, etymologies, and quotations.


MLA International Bibliography

Index

Coverage: 1884-present.

Index of scholarly articles, edited books, and dissertations on literature, languages, film studies and folklore. Includes MLA Directory of Periodicals, which provides detailed information on periodicals covering literature and languages. For help searching MLA, see our Search Guide.

OED: Oxford English Dictionary

Full-Text, Reference

Searchable version of the Oxford English Dictionary, which traces the origins and usage of English words.


Oxford Reference Online: English Dictionaries and Thesauruses

Full-Text

Collection of English language dictionaries and thesauruses.


Oxford Reference Online: Literature

Full-Text

Collection of dictionaries and other reference works on literature from Oxford University Press.


Other Suggested Research Tools

African American Women Writers of the 19th century

Full-Text

A collection of 52 works providing "access to the thought, perspectives and creative abilities of black women as captured in books and pamphlets published prior to 1920." A project from the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture and Digital Schomburg of the New York Public Library.


Ambrose Digital Streaming - Drama Collection

Visual Resource

Streaming collection of major drama and theater resources. Titles available are all 37 of the BBC Shakespeare Plays, A History of Great Playwrights, and Hollywood's Greatest Directors. All titles feature closed captioning.


American Periodicals Series Online

Full-Text

Digitized images from American magazines and journals that originated between 1741 and 1900. Includes general interest magazines, children's publications, women's magazines, and literary and professional journals.


American Rhetoric

Full-Text, Gateway

Collection of full text, audio and video versions of public speeches, sermons, legal proceedings, lectures, debates, interviews, and other recorded media events. The site also includes sections devoted to rhetorical devices, Christian rhetoric, 9/11 rhetoric, movie speeches, and political speeches.


Arts & Humanities Citation Index

Index
Coverage: 1999-present

Index covering the journal literature of the arts and humanities. Allows you to search for a topic, an author, or for articles that cite a known author or work.


Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature

Full-Text

Digitized collection of children's books published in the United States and Great Britain between 1850 and 1900. From the University of Florida Libraries.


Books of the Century

Coverage: 1900-1999

Lists of bestsellers, Book of the Month Club selections, and "critically acclaimed and historically significant" books for each year of the 20th century.


British Literary Manuscripts Online

Full-Text

Coverage: 1120-1900

Digitized collection of British manuscripts, including poems, plays, novels, diaries, journals, religious writings, and correspondence. Consists of two parts (Medieval and Renaissance, and 1660-1900), which can be searched separately or together. Note that while the full text of the manuscripts is not searchable, a searchable, detailed description is provided for each.


Burney Collection of Newspapers

Full-Text

Digital collection of early English news media from the 17th and 18th centuries. Includes pamphlets, broadsides, periodicals, and an extensive collection of London newspapers. To search three English news databases at once, use the Gale NewsVault. To simultaneously search this resource along with Eighteenth Century Collections Online Vols. I & II, The Times of London Digital Archive, and The Times Literary Supplement Historical Archive, use the Artemis Primary Sources search interface.


Dictionary of Irish Biography

Full-Text, Reference

Biographical dictionary covering the "lives of Irish men and women who made a significant contribution in Ireland and abroad, as well as those born overseas who had noteworthy careers in Ireland."


Digital Theatre Plus

Streaming video of British theater productions plus supplementary study and teaching materials.


Drama Online

Full-Text

Digital collection of play scripts "from Aeschylus to the present day." Plays can be searched by a variety of criteria, including theme, genre, setting, and cast size. Also includes Globe on Screen, streaming versions of performances from Shakespeare's Globe.


Early American Imprints

Full-Text

Includes Series I ("Evans"), nearly every book, pamphlet and broadside published in America from 1639-1800, and Series II ("Shaw-Shoemaker"), American books, pamphlets and broadsides published in the early part of the 19th century. Also includes supplements to the collection from the Library Company of Philadelphia.


Early Americas Digital Archive

Full-Text, Gateway

"Collection of electronic texts and links to texts originally written in or about the Americas from 1492 to approximately 1820."


Early English Books Online

Full-Text

Collection of texts printed in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and British North America and works in English printed elsewhere from 1473 to 1700. Includes literary texts, sermons, legal documents, scientific treatises, and many other types of works.


Eighteenth Century Collections Online I and II

Full-Text

Digital collection of 180,000 English language books, pamphlets, essays, and broadsides published from 1701 to 1800. Titles cover history, fine arts, medicine, science, literature, law, philosophy, and religion. To simultaneously search this resource along with The Times of London Digital Archive, The Times Literary Supplement Historical Archive, and the 17th & 18th Burney Collection of newspapers, use the Gale Primary Sources search interface.


Electronic Literature Directory

Gateway

Directory of electronic literature ("poetry, fiction, drama, and nonfiction that make significant use of electronic techniques or enhancements").


Essay and General Literature Index Retrospective

Index

Coverage: 1900-1984

Index of essays published in books and periodicals.


Film & Television Literature Index with Full Text

Full-Text, Index

Index of journal articles and books on film and media studies. Includes some full text.


Gale Literary Index

Index

A master index to reference works, such as Contemporary Authors, Contemporary Literary Criticism, and Dictionary of Literary Biography, published by Gale; these works contain biographical information about authors, excerpts of criticism of their works, and short bibliographies. Most of these series are available in Skillman's reference collection; Literature Resource Center provides online access to some of these works.


Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Encyclopedia - Archive

Full-Text, Reference

Encyclopedia of GLBT art, literature, film, music, and popular culture. The encyclopedia was closed and archived in 2015.


Historical Thesaurus of English

Reference

Database that organizes all the words in the 1300-year history of English into a vast hierarchy of meanings allowing users to pinpoint the range of meanings of words from Old English to the present.


Humanities and Social Sciences Index Retrospective

Index

Coverage: 1907-1984

Index of major journals in the humanities and social sciences.


Iter: Gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance

Index

Collection of databases, including Iter Bibliography, a bibliography and index of articles, books, essays, and book reviews on the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400-1700). Includes coverage of art and literature.


LEME: Lexicons of Early Modern English

Full-Text

Database of word-entries from English dictionaries, bilingual and polyglot dictionaries, and other lexical works published from 1480 to 1700.


Lexicons of Early Modern English

Reference

Historical database of monolingual, bilingual, and polyglot dictionaries, lexical encyclopedias, hard-word glossaries, spelling lists, and lexically-valuable treatises from 1480-1755. Useful for the study of the development of the English language.


Literature Online: Reference

Full-Text

The full text of several academic literary reference sources. Especially useful for finding lengthy, critical biographies of widely studied authors. Note that when you perform a subject search for an author's name you must enter the author's last name first.


Loeb Classical Library

Full-Text

"Digital resource that mirrors the renowned Loeb print collection, showcasing more than 520 volumes of Latin, Greek, and English epic and lyric poetry; tragedy and comedy; history, travel, philosophy, and oratory; the great medical writers and mathematicians. The online interface allows readers to browse, search, bookmark, annotate, and share content."


Making of America

Full-Text

Collection of primary sources for the study of American social history, featuring books and journals published primarily between 1850 and 1877. From the University of Michigan and Cornell University.


Map of Early Modern London

Full-Text

Map of London during the late 16th and early 17th centuries with descriptions of streets, sites, and churches. From the University of Victoria.


Middle English Compendium

Full-Text

Online version of Middle English Dictionary, which provides meaning and usage of English words from 1100 to 1500. Includes links to a bibliography of sources as well as texts of Middle English verse and prose.


Motif-Index of Folk Literature

Reference
Classification of narrative elements in folktales, ballads, myths, fables, medieval romances, jest-books, and local legends. The above links to the index (Volume 6). To directly access other individual volumes: Vol. 1; Vol. 2; Vol. 3; Vol. 4; Vol. 5.

New Chaucer Society

Full-Text, Gateway, Index

A gateway to Chaucer texts and the Chaucer Bibliography Online, which indexes Chaucer research from 1975 to the present. Also includes Studies in the Age of Chaucer, the journal published annually by the Society,


New Oxford Shakespeare Online

Full-Text
Combines the Oxford Modern Critical Editions, Critical Reference Editions, and Authorship Companions for all of Shakespeare's works, including sonnets and other verse. Each work is accompanied by extensive notes and critical commentary, and can be read in the original or modern spelling.

Open Source Shakespeare

Full-Text

Shakespeare's complete works online, including the plays, sonnets, and longer poems. Advanced search functions include a character search, concordance search, and full-text search. Hosted by George Mason University.


Orlando: Women's Writing in the British Isles from the Beginnings to the Present

Reference

Textbase for researching major figures and time periods in British women's fiction. The collection contains profiles of authors' lives, career chronologies, and in-depth bibliographies (but NOT full text of individual works of literature).


Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

Full-Text, Reference

Scholarly, biographical articles on noteworthy people who inhabited or were connected with the British Isles. (Does not include information on people still living.)


Paris Review Interview Archive

Full-Text, Index

An index to hundreds of interviews of famous authors published in the Paris Review since its founding in 1953, plus many full-text interviews.


Periodicals Index Online

Index
Electronic index to millions of articles published in over 6,000 periodicals in the arts, humanities, and social sciences, covering more than 300 years.

Play Index

Index

Index of plays written from antiquity to the present and published from 1949 to the present. Searchable by title, author, subject, style, genre, cast type, and more.


Poetry Archive

An online collection of recordings of poets reading their work. For each poet represented, a biography and select bibliography is also included.


Science Fiction and Fantasy Research Database

Index
Coverage: 1878-present

Online version of Science Fiction and Fantasy Reference Index. Contains references to articles, books, news reports, and motion picture reviews, including both scholarly and fan writings. Covers horror as well as science fiction and fantasy.


SFE: The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction

Full-Text, Reference

Encyclopedia of English-language science fiction, with entries covering authors, themes, awards, etc.


Shakespeare Survey Online

Full-Text

1966-Present

Online collection of scholarly essays in Shakespeare studies and production. This resource is fully searchable across volumes or can be browsed by theme, volume, author, etc


Speech Accent Archive

Data, Reference

Intended for people who wish to compare and analyze the accents of different native and non-native English speakers, this site offers a large set of speech samples from a variety of language backgrounds. Sound clips and phonetic transcriptions are typically available. Useful for actors who need to learn an accent.


State Papers Online, 18th Century 1714-1782

Full-Text

Coverage: 1714-1782

Collection of digitized British government records from the National Archives of the UK. These full-color manuscript scans cover the reigns of George I and George II, and part of the reign of George III. The content details the inner workings of the government during such major events as the Jacobite rebellions of 1715 and 1745, the Seven Years' War, and the majority of the American Revolutionary War.


TLS Historical Archive

Full-Text, Index
Coverage: 1902-2009

Index and full text of the Times Literary Supplement (London), an important source of reviews of books, plays, and films. To search three English news databases at once, use the Gale NewsVault. To simultaneously search this resource along with The Times of London Digital Archive, Eighteenth Century Collections Online Vols. I & II, and the 17th & 18th Burney Collection of newspapers, use the Artemis Primary Sources search interface.


Uncle Tom's Cabin & American Culture

Full-Text

Collection of primary sources that provide a context for understanding the place of Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) in American culture. Includes representative antebellum texts related to Christianity, sentimental culture, anti-slavery, and minstrel shows as well as responses to the novel.


Victorian Web

Full-Text

Information on the politics, culture, and society of the Victorian era (1837-1901). Originating from materials from English literature courses at Brown University; additional contributions from scholars, graduate students, and undergraduates from institutions around the world.


Women Writers Online

Full-Text

Full-text editions of texts by English and American women published between 1400 and 1850. From Northeastern University.


World Cinema Collection

Visual Resource

Streaming collection of feature films spanning the silent era through contemporary international cinema. Covers classic and contemporary cinema from Africa, Asia (primarily China, Japan, and India), Europe (including Soviet films), Latin America, and the Middle East. 


World Shakespeare Bibliography

Index

Coverage: 1972-present

Searchable bibliography with annotated entries for books, articles, reviews, and other materials related to Shakespeare.


Wright American Fiction, 1851-1875

Full-Text

Searchable collection of 19th century American fiction. Works are available as images and as text. Provided by Indiana University.