Major Research Tools

ATLA Religion Database

Coverage: 1949-present

Indexes general-interest and scholarly articles, book reviews, book chapters, and theses relating to religious concepts. Emphasis is on Christianity.

Bibliography of Asian Studies

Coverage: 1971-present

Index of Western-language publications on topics relating to Asia.

Brill's Encyclopedia of Hinduism

Full-Text, Reference

Scholarly encyclopedia covering all aspects of the Hindu tradition.

Christian-Muslim Relations Online

An online bibliography that provides general history of relations between the two faiths as represented in works written by Christians and Muslims about the other and against the other.

Encyclopaedia Judaica

Full-Text, Reference

Second edition (2007) of a scholarly encyclopedia covering Jewish history and culture from the time of the Second Temple to the present.

Encyclopaedia of Islam Online

Full-Text, Reference

Authoritative reference source on Islam and the Islamic world. Includes access to the completed second edition, the Glossary and Index of Terms and the in-progress third edition.

Encyclopaedia of the Qur'ān

Full-Text, Reference

Encyclopedic dictionary of Qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within Qur’ānic studies.

Encyclopedia of Christianity

Full-Text, Reference

Encyclopedia covering Christianity through its 2000-year history within a global context. Originally published 1999-2005.

Oxford Islamic Studies Online


Collection of works on Islam and the Islamic world. Includes scholarly encyclopedia articles, Qur'anic materials, and primary sources.

Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion

Full-Text, Reference

Overview articles on topics relating to the study of religion. Written by scholars and peer-reviewed.

Patrologia Latina


Electronic version of the works of the Church Fathers from Tertullian in 200 CE to the death of Pope Innocent III in 1216. Fundamental Latin texts for the study of late antiquity and early modern history.

Other Suggested Research Tools

ARDA: Association of Religion Data Archive


Quantitative data on religion around the world; includes data on churches and church membership, religious professionals, and religious groups.

Compact Memory: Internet Archive of Jewish Periodicals


Digital archive of German-language Jewish newspapers and periodicals,  ca. 1768 - 1938, in Germany, Austria, and elsewhere in Central Europe.  Covers religious, political, social, cultural, and academic aspects of Jewish life.

Dictionary of Qur'anic Usage

Full-Text, Reference

Arabic-English dictionary of Qur'anic usage.

Diversity & Tolerance in the Islam of West Africa

Full-Text, Visual Resource

This digital library contains archival and research materials such as audio and video interviews, transcripts, photographs, maps, and documents that explore Islamic practices in the West African countries of Senegal and Ghana.

Early English Books Online


Collection of texts printed in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and British North America and works in English printed elsewhere from 1473 to 1700. Includes literary texts, sermons, legal documents, scientific treatises, and many other types of works.

Early Western Korans Online


Collection of Korans and Koran translations printed between 1537 and 1857 in European cities.

Eighteenth Century Collections Online I and II


Digital collection of 180,000 English language books, pamphlets, essays, and broadsides published from 1701 to 1800. Titles cover history, fine arts, medicine, science, literature, law, philosophy, and religion.

Encyclopaedia Islamica

Full-Text, Reference

An abridged translation of a Persian encyclopedia that is one of the most comprehensive sources on Islam and the Muslim world. Particularly strong in coverage of Shiʿi Islam. Still a work-in-progress; not many volumes of the translation have been completed yet.

Encyclopedia Mythica

Full-Text, Reference

Online encyclopedia of mythology, folklore, and religion, including an image gallery and genealogy tables.

Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online


Covers the history of the Jews from 1750 to the 1950s. Translation from the completed encyclopedia in the original German is still in progress ('A'-'C' as of 12/2017).

Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

Full-Text, Reference

Covers the Jews of Muslim lands particularly in the late medieval, early modern and modern periods.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Society

Full-Text, Reference

Online version of the Encyclopedia of Religion and Society (AltaMira Press, c1998). Covers world religions, religious perspectives on political and social issues, and religious leaders and scholars around the world.

Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception Online


A searchable "guide to the current state of knowledge on the background, origins, and development of the canonical texts of the Bible as they were accepted in Judaism and Christianity. The encyclopedia also documents the history of the Bible's interpretation and reception... not only in Judaism and Christianity, but also in literature, visual art, music, film, and dance, as well as in Islam and other religious traditions and new religious movements." Includes extensive bibliographical information for each entry.



From the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown, this database indexes a selection of journal articles, book chapters, bills, laws, court decisions, reports, books, audiovisuals, and news articles relating to bioethics and professional ethics.

Hartford Institute for Religion Research

Data, Full-Text

Conducts research on churches and congregations in America today. Includes an extensive, ongoing study of megachurches.

Historical Atlas of Islam

Full-Text, Reference

Atlas of the Islamic world showing boundaries, trade routes, railways, empires, ethnic groups, etc.

Humanities and Social Sciences Index Retrospective


Coverage: 1907-1984

Index of major journals in the humanities and social sciences.

Index of Medieval Art


Coverage: c. 33 AD to 1550 AD

Database of medieval art relating to Christianity (formerly named Index of Christian Art), with full-text records for nearly 80,000 works of art dating from early apostolic times (ca. A.D. 33) to A.D. 1550. Includes nearly 100,000 images. Disclaimer: approximately 25% of images in the database are currently restricted and cannot be accessed. All other "public images" are available to view.

Islamic Heritage Project


Digital collection of Islamic manuscripts, maps, and published texts from Harvard’s library and museum collections covering the 13th to 20th centuries and representing many regions, languages, and subjects.

Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia

Full-Text, Reference

Encyclopedia covering the history of Jewish women. Includes thematic essays (e.g., abortion, Hadassah) as well as biographical entries.

JTA Jewish News Archive


Digital archive of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, containing some 250,000 articles covering Jewish news around the world from 1923-present. Coverage of anti-semitism, the Holocaust, the story of Soviet Jews, Israel, and other topics of interest to students of modern Jewish life.

Motif-Index of Folk Literature


Classification of narrative elements in folktales, ballads, myths, fables, medieval romances, jest-books, and local legends. The above links to the index (Volume 6). To directly access other individual volumes: Vol. 1; Vol. 2; Vol. 3; Vol. 4; Vol. 5.

New Testament Gateway


Directory of internet resources of possible interest to New Testament scholars.

Oxford Reference Online: Religion

Full-Text, Reference
Collection of encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other reference works on religion from Oxford University Press.

Papal Encyclicals Online


Coverage: 1226-present

Provides links to the full text of papal encyclicals and other papal documents. Individually run website -- most documents were originally house on the Catholic Resource Network.

Pew Research Center

Data, Full-Text

Research, opinion polls (national and global), and news coverage on politics, religion, immigration, demography, and the media. Includes daily tracking of policy trends by state. Its Hispanic Center focuses on the U.S. Hispanic population and its growing impact on the nation.

Philosopher's Index


Coverage: 1940-present

Index of books and journals in philosophy and related fields. Includes records for book reviews.

Pluralism Project at Harvard University

Data, Full-Text

For studying religious diversity in the United States. Includes a directory, statistics, and maps of religious communities around the country.

Posen Library of Jewish Culture and Civilization


Collection of Jewish literature, artwork, and works of intellectual and religious culture. Will eventually cover biblical times to the 21st century, but is still a work in progress. Note that you must register for a free account to access content.

Qur'ān Concordance

Full-Text, Reference

Finding aid that allows users to identify and localize text fragments of the Qurʾān.

RAMBI - Index of Articles on Jewish Studies


Selective index of thousands of journal articles, articles in collections, and chapters in books from primary and secondary sources in Hebrew, Yiddish, and European languages, offering worldwide coverage of Jewish studies and the land of Israel. From the holdings of the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem.

Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Full-Text, Reference

Core reference work covers Anglo-American, ethical and political, cross-cultural, interdisciplinary, continental, and contemporary philosophy.

Social Explorer

Data, Gateway, Visual Resource

Online application for locating and mapping US Census data and other demographic resources. Maps created on Social Explorer can be exported as images. To download the data itself in tabular and GIS formats see National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS).

Unbound Bible


Collection of searchable Bibles consisting of 10 English versions, Greek and Hebrew versions, 4 ancient versions, and 42 versions in other languages, as well as lexicons, dictionaries, commentaries, and maps. From Biola University.

Vocabulary for the Study of Religion


Online dictionary with over 400 entries covering a wide range of topics on the study of religion, including those from adjacent disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, historiography, theology, philology, literary studies, psychology, philosophy, cultural studies, and political sciences.

Yiddish Sheet Music


A collection of public-domain scores from the John Hay Library of Brown University focusing on Yiddish-language music for the stage.  Also includes art songs, folk songs, and sacred music in Yiddish and Hebrew.

YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe

Full-Text, Reference

This online encyclopedia covers the history and culture of Jews in Eastern Europe from the beginnings of their settlement in the region to the present day. Includes primary documents, images, audio, video, and maps.